Paying for private care: The private sector and health financing
Issues related to health financing and the private sector, for example:
- Government funding as a source of payment for private care: social health insurance, vouchers, and contracting
- Innovative health financing approaches being used in the private sector to improve equity and increase access to care for the poor
- Using price regulation, performance-based financing, and different provider payment systems to influence performance of private providers
- Private capital investment in the health sector as a mechanism for improved infrastructure and scale-up of services
Good, bad or indistinguishable: Quality of care in the private sector
Issues related to quality of care and monitoring and evaluation in the private health sector, for example:
- Experiences from quality assurance initiatives in the private sector, e.g. branding, franchising and accreditation
- Innovative approaches for quality assurance in the private sector
- The influence of different types of ownership and mission on performance
- New approaches to performance monitoring and accountability
Building institutions for influencing private sector performance
- Government stewardship of health markets: what works, what are the problems and what are the policy gaps?
- New kinds of regulatory partnerships and the political economy of regulation
- The role of organised professions and associations in monitoring performance or private providers
- Institutional frameworks for creating high-performance public-private partnerships (i.e. how to make contracting work well in practice)
- Policies to incentivise the development of the private sector (e.g. tax breaks, long-term leases of government land, subsidised capital) and to influence access to the private sector (e.g. requirements to serve the poor)
- Integrating two-tier health systems: Countries that are trying to ensure that private care isn’t just for the rich
Health markets and the poor: Moving toward universal access?
Specific issues related to the health services used by the poor.
- Analyses of markets for health-related goods and services used by the poor
- The performance of providers (for profit and not for profit) targeting the poor
- Innovations in the provision of health services to the poor and evaluations of their performance
- New approaches for studying health markets and for modelling their performance
- Implications for equity of the segmented nature of health markets and of regulatory responses
The evolution of the global health marketplace: Implications for health systems
Cross-cutting policy issues related to the private sector in health systems. Papers covering several countries and/or regions are particularly encouraged, for example:
- New kinds of private health companies and the regulatory challenges they pose
- Opportunities and challenges associated with new technologies (ICTs, diagnostic tests and so forth)
- Regulatory issues associated with the spread of advertising, the media and e-health companies
- Inter-relationships between markets for health services, pharmaceuticals, diagnostic tests and so forth
- Influence of consumer demand on private sector behaviour – for better or worse (e.g., demand for antibiotics and injectables)
- Size and dynamics of informal markets for healthcare and interventions that aim to formalise informal providers, influence their practice, and/or harness them to delivery priority health interventions.
Juxtaposing private healthcare in rich and poor countries
Discussing experiences from private sector issues in different socio-economic contexts. The purpose is to elaborate on issues related to the private sector in high-income contexts that are relevant for low- and middle-income countries. Therefore, rather than individual country examples, authors are encouraged to look at differences and cross-cutting themes between issues related to the private sector in health care delivery across socio-economic contexts.